The Maoist Communist Party of Italy is Founded!
by the Maoist Communist Party
On this shining, victorious, extraordinary 1st May, the Italian
communists announce to the proletarians and peoples of the world,
to the parties and organisations of the Revolutionary Internationalist
Movement and to the international communist movement, the foundation,
amidst the fire of class struggle and in close connection with the
masses, of the Maoist Communist Party, so as to hoist again the
banner of socialist revolution in Italy, uniting all the advanced
proletarians under the banner of Maoism, applying the strategy of
people's war to the conditions of this country, and putting this
new beginning into practice so as to seize power and march triumphantly
to socialism and communism.
1st May 2000 - Long Live the Maoist Communist Party of Italy!
A new great wave of the world proletarian revolution is approaching
in the world today, with its most advanced points being the People's
Wars led by Maoists in Peru and Nepal, but also in India, the Philippines
and Turkey. In many other countries, the masses are rising up, guns
in hand, even when the leadership of these struggles is not in the
hands of proletarians led by genuine communist parties. Crisis is
deepening in the heart of the imperialist system, a crisis for which
this system has no solution. Though protected by all their armed
might, the imperialist governments cannot even hold their world
summit in peace. More and more the proletarians, the unemployed,
women and youth feel the need to put an end to a system based on
exploitation, oppression, repression, racism and war by making revolution,
in the universal form of people's war, which is the only way to
lead the proletariat and masses to seize power and free themselves.
From the Andes to the Himalayas, from Washington to Berlin, from
Istanbul to Bombay, from Bogota to Rome:
Long Live 1st May under the Banner of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!
Long Live the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement!
People's War until Communism!
It is within the core of the working class in our country, amongst
the exploited proletarians and immigrants, the unemployed and the
impoverished, that we communists organise the struggle, raising
consciousness and building up the leadership and cadre in order
to expand and intensify the class struggle and turn it into mass
political struggle to overthrow the bourgeois government, combating
reformism, electoralism, pacifism and opportunism. We work to organise
the rebellion of women as a mighty force of revolutionary struggle
and transformation. We call on rebel youth to fight state repression
and everyday oppression. We defend the revolutionary political prisoners,
and build the revolutionary united front.
1 May 2000
Salute from the Committee
of the Revolutinary Internationalist Movement
We proudly and enthusiastically hail the founding of the Maoist
Communist Party (PCm) in Italy as a party united in the Revolutionary
Internationalist Movement, a party whose task is to lead the proletariat
and revolutionary masses in that country to overthrow their imperialist
ruling class as part of the single world-wide process of proletarian
revolution and to wholeheartedly support this effort in every country.
This event represents a great and daring leap after two decades
of difficult political and ideological struggle and revolutionary
practice, in which comrades who began as local circles linked up
both with each other and, from its beginning, with RIM, and fought
to uphold the banner of proletarian revolution in that country and
to take responsibility for leading it. Through the course of this,
the comrades in Italy have sought to apply the universal principles
of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism to the particularities of that peninsula,
to unite all who can be united to make this line a material force,
and to begin to sink roots among the masses, especially the proletariat.
As we all know, in every country the formation of the party is only
the beginning of a process. Even after the party is formed it must
continue to grow and develop through arduous efforts for its influence
among the masses to deepen and for its grasp of the correct line
to become stronger. This is an on-going process that will exist
throughout the whole life of the party. The party must be built
in the course of class struggle, including the two-line struggle,
both inside the party and against revisionism in all its manifestations.
As our Movement declared in the document Long Live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!
when it adopted this ideology, "Mao Tsetung's theory of
people's war is universally applicable in all countries, although
this must be applied to the concrete conditions in each country
and, in particular, take into account the revolutionary paths in
the two general types of countries - imperialist countries and oppressed
countries - that exist in the world today." Our Movement's
understanding of the universality of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism's teachings
on people's war is one important feature that demarcates us from
other trends in the international communist movement. In the imperialist
countries, as in the oppressed countries, the work of communists
prior to the outbreak of revolutionary war is to prepare for the
violent seizure of power. The formation and strengthening of the
Marxist-Leninist-Maoist party is the key aspect of leading the revolutionary
struggle forward amidst the inevitable twists and turns, complexities
and diverse "pulls" that accompany any revolutionary process.
There is a rich experience in Italy of waging different kinds of
struggle, and even armed struggle, against the reactionary state.
But these struggles could not succeed in developing into a revolutionary
war of the masses. This experience needs to be summed up and appropriate
lessons learn. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism must be creatively applied
to the concrete situation in each country. In so doing, as our Declaration
affirms, the October Revolution remains the basic point of reference
for Marxist-Leninist-Maoist strategy and tactics in the imperialist
countries. The party must steer clear of the rocks of revisionism
in all its forms, both right and "left", while raising
the political consciousness of the masses and leading them in revolutionary
struggle, so as to prepare and launch the armed struggle for the
seizure of power when a revolutionary situation appears that makes
the development of a genuine people's war possible.
As Lenin said, the communist ideal is not a trade union secretary
but a tribune of the people, striving to provide both ideological
and practical leadership to those sections of society who are already
clamouring for it and beyond, going lower and deeper among old and
new sections of the proletariat and more broadly as well. One task
the party faces is to attract and train new forces, in particular
young revolutionaries who have been coming forward in Italy in a
period in which confusion reigns. Bringing forward a new generation
of communists will require vigorously combating other ideologies
that are competing to influence this generation. A particular strength
of your party is the importance you have given to unleashing the
fury of women as a mighty force for revolution, a force which could
spell victory or defeat for the seizure of power in Italy and the
continuing transformation of society, leading to the triumph of
classless society all over the world.
You have upheld and supported the world's revolutionary movements
and people's wars, such as in Peru and Nepal, which has been of
vital importance to the revolution in Italy and the world revolution.
Your participation in RIM is also a favourable factor to enable
your party to assimilate the rich experience our Movement is gaining
in many countries throughout the world.
Today, the whole world is full of contradictions and volatility.
The storm centres of the world proletarian revolution are in the
countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America, where, for deep-rooted
reasons, a revolutionary situation generally exists, although with
ebbs and flows. However, the other major contradictions in the world
are also sharpening. This intensification has led to the eruption
of reactionary warfare in the Balkans, right on Italy's doorstep.
Certainly Italy itself is not immune from the future possibility
of violent upheaval and dislocation and the accompanying revolutionary
openings - in short, as our Declaration says, "revolutionary
situations which appear infrequently in these countries but which
concentrate the fundamental contradictions of capitalism".
Italian imperialism's increasingly direct and enthusiastic involvement
in bloody adventures to expand its sphere of influence and grab
its share of the imperialist re-division of the world has greatly
stepped up the popular outcry against these criminals, sharpened
the struggle and built up the pressure driving a host of contradictions.
You comrades have pointed out the factors of political and social
crisis threatening to break through the surface in Italy.
The foundation of the Maoist Communist Party in Italy is most timely.
The objective circumstances under which the PCm has been born and
the conditions for carrying out its work are propitious, as is the
growing maturity of our Movement on an international level as the
embryonic political centre of the world's Maoists.
We are overjoyed that your Party is determined to seize the hour
and assume its responsibilities - this is an urgent necessity for
the revolution in Italy and the world revolution. Great victories
crown great efforts, and we wish you every success in this heroic
Long Live the Maoist Communist Party in Italy!
Long Live the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement!