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Besides these movements on partial demands the party has mobilised the
masses on various political issues. Dharnas, rasta rokos, public
meetings have been held on - implementation of the Mandal Commission
report, on support of the nationality struggles, on support of the
minorities and against the destruction of the Babri Maszid, in support
of Dalits and against the Dalit killings at Karamchedu and Chundur, and
against womens’ oppression. Big agitations were taken against the New
Economic Policies, against the GATT accord and the IMF and World Bank.
Every year April 15 (the day the Dunkel accord was signed) is observed
as anti-imperialist day. On that day, meetings, dharnas, processions are
held in village after village and in many places effigies of Dunkel and
PV Narasimha Rao have been burnt. Also, as a rule, in every area, every
year: January 26 and August 15 are observed by hoisting black flags,
wearing black badges and holding protest meeting against this fake
independence; May 21st is observed as anti-repression day and December
6th as Black Day-against communalism. Also on every May Day the Red Flag
is hoisted and celebrations are held and March 8 is celebrated as
International Women’s Day.
One of the most important political struggles, right from the inception
of the Party, has been the ‘boycott election’ campaign. During the
surcharged atmosphere of the elections it has been the most effective
time to carry the political programme of the Party and educate the
masses on the need to negate this farcical democracy and take to the
path of armed agrarian revolution for a truely New Democratic society.
India, not having gone through a bourgeois democratic revolution, has a
parliamentary scaffolding built around an autocratic semi-feudal,
semi-colonial state structure. Parliament is used as an important weapon
to pacify the masses, divert their attention from struggle and lead them
astray. In India, participation in elections has no practical value
whatsoever........ and this has now been proved by the electoral
semantics of many a revolutionary group. They continue to flounder as
marginal entities, while those boycotting and leading the armed struggle
are a growing force.
The CPI (ML) originally, and then the CPI (ML) (PW), has continuously
taken up wide ‘boycott election’ campaign during each election.
Handbills, posters, street plays, song and dance programmes etc. , have
been conducted on a huge scale, to educate the masses during each
election......whether it is to the Lok Sabha, or the state assemblies or
even the local gram panchayats. This campaign, so frightens the
government, that during each successive election, it has been bringing
in larger and larger police and para-military forces and resorting to
intense repressive measures.
This particularly climaxed in the 1994 AP assembly elections when the
government moved in 70, 000 para-military forces. During this brief
period thousands of youth were rounded up and villagers were informed
that if they did not vote, the arrested youth of their village would be
killed. Suspected militants were publicly tortured and many were taken
as human shields as the police rampage continued. Their message was
simple - VOTE, or else....... Vote for any party, they would say, but
vote you must !! Finally, during the election week itself, between
November 27 and December 3, 1994, 36 comrades were killed in so-called
‘encounters’. But inspite of this terror the boycott campaign continued.
Today in many of the guerilla zone areas, elections to many Gram
Panchayats have not taken place. There is no Sarpanch and much of the
work of the erstwhile gram panchayats is being conducted by Village
Development Committees under Party leadership.